Doxycycline is a widely-used antibiotic that belongs to the tetracycline group. It is effective in treating a variety of bacterial infections, including acne and sexually transmitted infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
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Doxycycline Medication Information Leaflet
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic widely used to treat various infections such as acne, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, and certain sexually transmitted diseases.
Doxycycline (Doxycycline hyclate) is the generic ingredient.
Doxycycline belongs to the class of tetracycline antibiotics.
It is clinically used to treat bacterial infections and certain protozoal infections.
Spectrum Of Activity
Doxycycline has a broad spectrum of activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, as well as against certain other microorganisms.
It may interact with antacids, penicillin, blood thinners, some cholesterol-lowering medications, and isotretinoin.
Dosage and Directions
The dosage and directions for taking doxycycline should be determined by a healthcare professional based on the specific condition being treated.
Contraindications and Precautions
Doxycycline is contraindicated in people with a known hypersensitivity to tetracyclines. Precautions should be taken in individuals with liver or kidney impairment, pregnant women, and children under 8 years old.
Possible side effect
Common side effects may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and skin reactions. It may also cause photosensitivity, so sun exposure should be minimized during treatment.
Missed dose and Overdose
If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. In case of overdose, immediate medical attention is necessary.
Special consideration should be given to individuals with a history of intracranial hypertension or predisposition to esophagitis.
Known Non-standard Use
Doxycycline is sometimes used in the treatment of periodontal disease and as anti-malarial prophylaxis.
Patients should be advised to complete the full course of medication and to use additional contraceptive methods if taking oral contraceptives, as doxycycline may reduce their effectiveness.
There may be a risk of developing antibiotic resistance with prolonged or repeated use of doxycycline.
Breastfeeding and Pregnancy
This medication should be avoided during pregnancy and breastfeeding, unless the benefits outweigh the risks.
In cases of doxycycline allergy or intolerance, alternative antibiotics such as azithromycin or ciprofloxacin may be considered.
Doxycycline should be stored at room temperature, away from light and moisture, and out of reach of children.
What is Doxycycline used for?
Doxycycline is an antibiotic used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections such as respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections. It is also used to prevent malaria and treat acne.
How should I take Doxycycline?
Doxycycline should be taken exactly as prescribed by the doctor. It is usually taken with a full glass of water to prevent irritation of the esophagus. It's important to not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking this medication.
What are the possible side effects of Doxycycline?
Common side effects of Doxycycline include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and skin sensitivity to sunlight. It's important to consult a healthcare professional if any severe side effects occur.
Can I take Doxycycline if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?
Doxycycline is not recommended during pregnancy as it can harm the unborn baby's teeth and bones. It is also not recommended while breastfeeding as it can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby.
What should I avoid while taking Doxycycline?
Avoid taking Doxycycline with dairy products, antacids, or supplements containing calcium, magnesium, or iron as they can reduce the effectiveness of the medication. Additionally, avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight and use protective clothing and sunscreen when outdoors.
How long does it take for Doxycycline to work?
The time it takes for Doxycycline to work can vary depending on the condition being treated. It's important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if the symptoms improve before the medication is finished.
Can I drink alcohol while taking Doxycycline?
It is generally best to avoid alcohol while taking Doxycycline as it can increase the risk of certain side effects such as stomach irritation.
Is there a risk of allergic reaction to Doxycycline?
Allergic reactions to Doxycycline are possible. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience symptoms of an allergic reaction such as rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, or difficulty breathing.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Doxycycline?
If a dose of Doxycycline is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.
Is it safe to take Doxycycline for a long period of time?
Taking Doxycycline for an extended period of time can lead to the growth of resistant bacteria. It should only be used for the duration prescribed by a healthcare professional.
Can I take Doxycycline with other medications?
Certain medications may interact with Doxycycline, so it's important to inform the doctor about all medications and supplements being taken. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal products.
What should I tell my doctor before starting Doxycycline?
Before starting Doxycycline, it's important to inform the doctor about any medical conditions, allergies, and medications being taken. This includes any liver or kidney problems, history of intracranial hypertension, or sensitivity to light.
Can I take Doxycycline for toothache?
Doxycycline is not typically used to treat toothaches. It's important to see a dentist for proper evaluation and treatment of dental issues.
How does Doxycycline work in the body?
Doxycycline works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, preventing the bacterial protein synthesis. It does this by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit, which blocks the attachment of aminoacyl-tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex.
Is Doxycycline suitable for children?
Doxycycline should generally not be used in children under 8 years of age as it can cause permanent discoloration of the teeth. However, it may be used in certain cases under the careful supervision of a healthcare professional.
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