Asthma exacerbation refers to the sudden worsening of asthma symptoms, such as shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. This can be triggered by various factors, including allergens, respiratory infections, or exposure to irritants. It requires prompt medical attention to prevent serious complications.

Asthma Exacerbation FAQ


What is asthma exacerbation?

Asthma exacerbation refers to the sudden worsening of asthma symptoms, leading to severe breathing difficulties and discomfort.

What are the common triggers of asthma exacerbation?

Common triggers include respiratory infections, exposure to allergens, irritants such as smoke or pollution, and non-adherence to asthma management plans.

How is asthma exacerbation treated?

Treatment involves the use of quick-relief inhalers (short-acting bronchodilators) to immediately alleviate symptoms, and often includes corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and prevent future exacerbations.

When should I seek medical help for asthma exacerbation?

Seek immediate medical attention if experiencing severe symptoms, such as extreme shortness of breath, difficulty speaking, or bluish lips or fingernails.

Can asthma exacerbation be prevented?

Following an asthma action plan, avoiding triggers, and taking prescribed medications as directed can help prevent exacerbations. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can also assist in managing the condition effectively.

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