Cephalexin

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cephalexin

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Cephalexin is an antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This medication is effective in treating skin, ear, respiratory tract, and urinary tract infections.

  • Delivery time: Airmail (14-21 days) | EMS trackable (5-9 days)
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Cephalexin Information

Cephalexin Medication Information Leaflet

Common Use

Cephalexin is commonly used to treat bacterial infections such as respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, and urinary tract infections.

Generic Ingredient

The generic ingredient for Cephalexin is cephalexin (as cephalexin monohydrate).

Classification

Cephalexin belongs to the class of antibiotics known as first-generation cephalosporins.

Clinical Use

It is clinically used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections caused by susceptible organisms.

Spectrum Of Activity

Cephalexin has a broad spectrum of activity against gram-positive bacteria and some gram-negative bacteria.

Drug interaction

It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking as Cephalexin can interact with certain drugs, such as probenecid and some blood thinners.

Dosage and Directions

The typical adult dose for most infections is 250 mg every 6 hours, or 500 mg every 12 hours. It is important to take the medication exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.

Contraindications and Precautions

Cephalexin should not be used in individuals with a known allergy to cephalosporin antibiotics. Use with caution in patients with kidney disease.

Possible side effect

Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. If you experience any severe side effects, contact your healthcare provider.

Missed dose and Overdose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical attention immediately.

Special Cases

Special care should be taken when prescribing Cephalexin to pediatric patients, elderly patients, and individuals with certain medical conditions.

Known Non-standard Use

In some cases, Cephalexin may be used to prevent endocarditis in certain patients undergoing dental or surgical procedures.

Patient Considerations

It is important to inform your healthcare provider of any existing medical conditions, allergies, and ongoing medications before starting Cephalexin.

Possible Risks

There is a risk of developing antibiotic-resistant bacteria with prolonged or inappropriate use of Cephalexin, which may reduce its effectiveness in the future.

Breastfeeding and Pregnancy

Consult your healthcare provider before using Cephalexin if you are pregnant or breastfeeding as it may pass into breast milk and could have potential risks for the developing fetus.

Known Alternatives

In cases of allergy or intolerance to Cephalexin, alternative antibiotics such as amoxicillin, azithromycin, or clindamycin may be considered based on the specific infection and individual patient factors.

Storage

Store Cephalexin at room temperature away from light and moisture. Keep it out of the reach of children and pets.



Cephalexin FAQ

What is Cephalexin used for?

Cephalexin is an antibiotic medication used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections such as respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, bone infections, and urinary tract infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

What are the common side effects of Cephalexin?

Common side effects of Cephalexin may include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and skin rash. It is important to seek medical attention if any severe side effects occur.

How should I take Cephalexin?

Cephalexin should be taken exactly as prescribed by the doctor. It is usually taken 2 to 4 times a day with or without food. It is important to complete the full course of medication even if the symptoms improve before the completion of the course.

Can I take Cephalexin if I am allergic to penicillin?

Individuals who are allergic to penicillin should exercise caution when taking Cephalexin as they may have an increased risk of cross-reactivity. It is important to inform the healthcare professional about any known allergies before taking Cephalexin.

Is Cephalexin safe for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding?

Cephalexin is generally considered safe for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before using any medication during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

What should I do if I miss a dose of Cephalexin?

If a dose of Cephalexin is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.

How long does it take for Cephalexin to work?

The time it takes for Cephalexin to work can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection being treated. It is important to complete the full course of medication as prescribed by the healthcare professional.

Can I drink alcohol while taking Cephalexin?

It is generally recommended to avoid consuming alcohol while taking Cephalexin as it may increase the risk of certain side effects such as stomach upset, dizziness, and drowsiness.

What should I tell my doctor before taking Cephalexin?

Before taking Cephalexin, it is important to inform the doctor about any existing medical conditions, current medications, allergies, and if there is a history of kidney disease or gastrointestinal disease.

Can Cephalexin be used to treat viral infections?

Cephalexin is an antibiotic medication and is only effective against bacterial infections. It should not be used to treat viral infections such as the common cold or flu.

Does Cephalexin interact with any other medications?

Cephalexin may interact with certain medications such as probenecid and blood thinners. It is important to inform the doctor about all the medications being taken before starting Cephalexin.

Is it common to develop resistance to Cephalexin?

Overuse or misuse of antibiotics, including Cephalexin, can lead to the development of antibiotic resistance. It is important to use antibiotics only as prescribed and to complete the full course of medication.

What are the precautions to take while using Cephalexin?

Some precautions to take while using Cephalexin include staying well-hydrated, monitoring for signs of allergic reactions, and informing the doctor if there is a history of gastrointestinal diseases or kidney problems.

Can Cephalexin cause allergic reactions?

Cephalexin can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. It is important to seek medical attention if any signs of an allergic reaction such as rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, or difficulty breathing occur.

What is the usual duration of treatment with Cephalexin?

The duration of treatment with Cephalexin can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. It is important to complete the full course of medication as prescribed by the healthcare professional.


Cephalexin Properties

  • Clinical use: Bacterial infections
  • Spectrum of activity: Broad-spectrum
  • Mechanism of action: Hinders bacterial cell wall synthesis
  • Classification: Cephalosporin antibiotic
  • Recommended Dosage: Typically 250 to 500 mg every 6 hours
  • Basic Side Effects: Gastrointestinal upset, Dizziness, Fatigue
  • Serious Side Effects: Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, Acute renal failure, Anaphylactic reaction

Cephalexin Drug Class

Cephalexin Other/Alternative Names

Keflex Cefanox Biocef

Cephalexin Related Medications

  • Amoxicillin by Pfizer

Cephalexin Related Tretaments

Cephalexin Resources

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