Symmetrel, with the active ingredient amantadine, is an antiviral and antiparkinsonian medication. It is used to treat symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Parkinsonism. It may also be used to prevent or treat symptoms of influenza A virus infection.
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Symmetrel Medication Information Leaflet
Symmetrel is commonly used to prevent or treat symptoms of Parkinson's disease and to treat certain types of flu. It may also be prescribed for other conditions as determined by a healthcare professional.
The generic ingredient for Symmetrel is Amantadine hydrochloride.
Symmetrel is classified as an antiviral medication and also has antiparkinsonian properties.
In clinical practice, Symmetrel is used to improve muscle control and reduce stiffness in Parkinson's disease patients, and to alleviate symptoms of influenza A virus infection.
Spectrum Of Activity
Symmetrel is effective against influenza A virus and also exhibits antiparkinsonian effects in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
Symmetrel may interact with certain medications such as anticholinergic drugs, quinine, and the flu vaccine. It's crucial to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken, including over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Dosage and Directions
The dosage and directions for Symmetrel should be followed as per the healthcare provider's prescription to ensure safe and effective use of the medication. Dosage may vary based on the patient's condition and response to the treatment.
Contraindications and Precautions
Symmetrel is contraindicated in patients who have shown hypersensitivity to amantadine or any other ingredient in the formulation. Special precautions should be taken for patients with a history of seizures, heart disease, liver or kidney problems. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional before using Symmetrel.
Possible side effect
Common side effects of Symmetrel may include dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and insomnia. Patients are advised to seek medical attention if any unlikely side effects occur.
Missed dose and Overdose
If a dose of Symmetrel is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped. Overdose of Symmetrel may lead to serious symptoms and immediate medical attention is necessary.
In special cases such as pediatric use and geriatric use, the dosage and administration of Symmetrel may require adjustments. Consultation with a healthcare provider is crucial in such situations.
Known Non-standard Use
Symmetrel is sometimes used off-label to manage fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis. However, this use should be strictly monitored by a healthcare professional.
Patients should be aware of the potential effects of Symmetrel on their alertness and ability to operate machinery. It is important to avoid activities that require mental alertness until the response to the medication is determined.
Symmetrel may pose certain risks in patients with a history of eczema or psychosis. It is crucial to discuss the risks and benefits of using Symmetrel with a healthcare provider before starting the medication.
Breastfeeding and Pregnancy
It is important to consult a healthcare professional before using Symmetrel during pregnancy or breastfeeding, as the potential risks to the fetus or infant should be carefully evaluated.
There are alternative medications available for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and influenza. Healthcare providers can recommend suitable alternatives based on the individual's medical history and condition.
Symmetrel should be stored at room temperature, away from light and moisture. It should be kept out of reach of children and pets. Proper disposal methods for unused or expired medication should be followed as per healthcare guidelines.
What is Symmetrel used for?
Symmetrel is used to treat and prevent symptoms of Parkinson's disease and to treat certain types of flu infections caused by influenza A virus. It works by restoring the balance of natural substances in the brain and is also known for its antiviral properties.
How should I take Symmetrel?
Symmetrel should be taken exactly as prescribed by the doctor. It is usually taken once or twice a day with or without food. It is important to take the medication at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level in the blood.
What are the common side effects of Symmetrel?
Common side effects of Symmetrel may include nausea, dizziness, insomnia, and hallucinations. It is important to report any unusual side effects to the doctor.
Is Symmetrel safe for long-term use?
Symmetrel is generally safe for long-term use when taken as prescribed by the doctor. However, it is important to have regular check-ups to monitor for any potential side effects and to adjust the dosage if necessary.
Can Symmetrel be taken with other medications?
It is important to inform the doctor about all medications being taken, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements, to avoid potential interactions. The doctor can then determine if Symmetrel is safe to take with other medications.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Symmetrel?
If a dose of Symmetrel is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.
Can Symmetrel cause allergic reactions?
Symmetrel can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if signs of an allergic reaction, such as rash, itching, or swelling, occur after taking Symmetrel.
Is it safe to drive or operate machinery while taking Symmetrel?
Symmetrel may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision, which can impair the ability to drive or operate machinery. It is important to assess individual response to the medication before engaging in such activities.
Can Symmetrel be taken during pregnancy?
The use of Symmetrel during pregnancy should be carefully considered and discussed with a doctor. The potential risks and benefits of using Symmetrel during pregnancy should be weighed before making a decision.
What is the recommended dosage of Symmetrel?
The recommended dosage of Symmetrel varies depending on the condition being treated. It is important to follow the doctor's prescription and not to exceed the recommended dosage to avoid potential adverse effects.
How long does it take for Symmetrel to start working?
The onset of action of Symmetrel may vary from person to person. Some individuals may experience the benefits of the medication within a few days, while others may take longer. It is important to be patient and continue taking the medication as prescribed.
Can Symmetrel be crushed or chewed?
Symmetrel should be swallowed whole with a full glass of water. Crushing or chewing the medication can alter its intended release and absorption, potentially leading to undesirable effects.
What is the mechanism of action of Symmetrel in Parkinson's disease?
Symmetrel works by increasing the levels of dopamine in the brain, which helps to improve muscle control and reduce the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. It also has anticholinergic effects, which can further alleviate the movement-related symptoms.
Are there any dietary restrictions while taking Symmetrel?
There are no specific dietary restrictions while taking Symmetrel. However, it is important to maintain a balanced and healthy diet to support overall health and well-being.
Is Symmetrel habit-forming?
Symmetrel is not known to be habit-forming when used as prescribed by the doctor. It is important to adhere to the prescribed dosage and not to misuse the medication.
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