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Macrobid Medication Information Leaflet
Macrobid is commonly used to treat urinary tract infections.
The generic compound for Macrobid is nitrofurantoin.
Macrobid is classified as an antibacterial agent.
Macrobid is used clinically to treat lower urinary tract infections.
Spectrum Of Activity
Macrobid is effective against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Macrobid may interact with antacids containing magnesium trisilicate, which may reduce its absorption and effectiveness.
Dosage and Directions
The usual adult dose of Macrobid is 100 mg every 12 hours for 7 days.
Contraindications and Precautions
Macrobid is contraindicated in patients with renal impairment and caution should be exercised in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.
Possible side effect
Common side effects of Macrobid include gastrointestinal disturbances, pulmonary reactions, and hypersensitivity reactions.
Missed dose and Overdose
If a dose of Macrobid is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible unless it is almost time for the next dose. In case of overdose, seek medical attention immediately.
Special care should be taken when using Macrobid in elderly patients, as they may be more susceptible to certain side effects.
Known Non-standard Use
Macrobid has been used off-label for the prophylaxis of recurrent lower urinary tract infections.
Patients with kidney problems or a history of liver disease should consult with their healthcare provider before using Macrobid.
There is a risk of developing drug-resistance with prolonged or repeated use of Macrobid.
Breastfeeding and Pregnancy
Macrobid should be used with caution during pregnancy and is not recommended during the last month of pregnancy. It can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby.
Alternatives to Macrobid for urinary tract infections include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin.
Macrobid should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.
What is Macrobid used for?
Macrobid is commonly prescribed to treat urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
What are the potential side effects of Macrobid?
Side effects of Macrobid may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, headache, or gas. It's important to consult a healthcare professional for a full list of side effects.
How should I take Macrobid?
Macrobid should be taken by mouth with food as directed by a healthcare provider. It's crucial to finish the full course of medication, even if symptoms disappear after a few days.
Can Macrobid be used during pregnancy?
It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits with a healthcare professional before using Macrobid during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.
Is Macrobid safe for children?
Macrobid is generally not recommended for children under 12 years old unless prescribed by a pediatric specialist. Always follow the healthcare professional's guidance.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Macrobid?
If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is nearing the time of the next dose, it's best to skip the missed dose and resume the normal dosing schedule.
Can Macrobid cause allergic reactions?
Allergic reactions to Macrobid are possible. Seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, such as rash, itching/swelling, or difficulty breathing, occur.
Are there any food or drinks to avoid while taking Macrobid?
It is recommended to avoid using products that contain magnesium trisilicate while taking Macrobid, as they can reduce the effectiveness of this medication.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Macrobid?
Prior to taking Macrobid, it's important to inform the healthcare provider about any allergies, medical history (especially liver disease or kidney disease), current medications, and if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Is it safe to drive or operate machinery while taking Macrobid?
Macrobid may cause dizziness or drowsiness. It's essential to assess individual reactions before driving or operating machinery. Avoid alcoholic beverages while taking this medication.
Can Macrobid interact with other medications?
Macrobid can interact with a variety of medications, including certain blood thinners, probenecid, and antacids containing magnesium trisilicate. Always consult a healthcare professional about potential drug interactions.
How long does it take for Macrobid to start working?
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection may improve within a day or two of starting Macrobid. However, it's crucial to complete the full prescribed course of the medication.
What are the storage requirements for Macrobid?
Macrobid should be stored at room temperature, away from light and moisture. Avoid freezing and keep it out of the reach of children.
Can Macrobid be used to treat viral infections?
Macrobid is an antibiotic and is not effective against viral infections, such as the flu or common cold. It should only be used to treat bacterial infections as prescribed by a healthcare professional.
Is it safe to consume alcohol while taking Macrobid?
It is generally safe to drink moderate amounts of alcohol while taking Macrobid. However, excessive alcohol consumption should be avoided as it may increase the risk of certain side effects.
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