Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic that is used to treat urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic only treats bacterial infections.

Nitrofurantoin FAQ


What is Nitrofurantoin used for?

Nitrofurantoin is commonly used to treat urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria.

How does Nitrofurantoin work?

Nitrofurantoin works by stopping the growth of bacteria, thus controlling the infection.

What are the common side effects of Nitrofurantoin?

Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and discoloration of urine.

How long does Nitrofurantoin take to work?

Improvement in symptoms can be seen within a few days, but it is important to complete the full course as prescribed.

Can Nitrofurantoin be used to treat viral infections?

No, Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic and is only effective against bacterial infections.

Is Nitrofurantoin safe for use during pregnancy?

It is important to consult a healthcare professional before using Nitrofurantoin during pregnancy, as it may not be suitable for all individuals.

What should I do if I miss a dose of Nitrofurantoin?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.

Can I consume alcohol while taking Nitrofurantoin?

It is advisable to avoid alcohol while taking Nitrofurantoin, as it may increase the risk of certain side effects.

How should Nitrofurantoin be stored?

Nitrofurantoin should be stored at room temperature, away from light and moisture. Keep this medication out of reach of children.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Nitrofurantoin?

Before taking Nitrofurantoin, discuss any allergies, medical history, current medications, and if you have conditions such as anemia, diabetes, or kidney disease.

Can Nitrofurantoin be used to treat other types of infections?

Nitrofurantoin is specifically used to treat urinary tract infections and may not be suitable for other types of infections. Consult a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment.

Is Nitrofurantoin available over the counter?

No, Nitrofurantoin is a prescription medication and should only be used as directed by a healthcare professional.

What is the usual dosage of Nitrofurantoin?

The usual adult dosage is 50-100 mg four times a day. However, the dosage may vary based on the specific condition being treated. Follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider.

Can Nitrofurantoin cause allergic reactions?

Yes, allergic reactions such as rash, itching, and swelling can occur. Seek medical attention if you experience any concerning symptoms.

Are there any food or drug interactions with Nitrofurantoin?

Certain medications and foods may interact with Nitrofurantoin, potentially affecting its effectiveness. Inform your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you are taking.

How long should Nitrofurantoin be taken for?

The duration of treatment with Nitrofurantoin is typically 7-10 days for urinary tract infections. It is important to complete the full course as prescribed.

Can Nitrofurantoin be used in children?

Nitrofurantoin may be prescribed to children for specific infections, but the dosage and duration of treatment should be determined by a pediatrician.

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