What is pertussis?
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the Bordetella pertussis bacterium.
What are the symptoms of whooping cough?
Common symptoms include severe and persistent coughing, vomiting after coughing fits, and a 'whooping' sound during inhalation.
Who is at risk of contracting pertussis?
Young children and infants are most at risk, especially before they have completed their primary vaccination series.
How is pertussis diagnosed?
Diagnosis is often based on symptoms and confirmed through laboratory tests, such as a PCR test or a culture of nasal secretions.
What are the complications of untreated whooping cough?
Complications may include pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and, in severe cases, death, particularly in infants.
Can whooping cough be prevented?
Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent whooping cough. It's recommended for children and booster doses for adults.
What treatments are available for pertussis?
Doctors may prescribe antibiotics to reduce the severity of symptoms and the risk of spreading the infection.
Is whooping cough contagious?
Yes, pertussis is highly contagious and can spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
How long is the recovery period for whooping cough?
Recovery can vary but may take several weeks. The contagious period usually lasts for about 2 weeks from the onset of coughing.
What should I do if my child has been exposed to whooping cough?
Seek medical advice promptly and monitor for any symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are important, especially for young children.
Can adults get whooping cough?
Yes, pertussis can affect individuals of any age. Adults may not display classic symptoms but can still spread the infection.
How effective is the whooping cough vaccine?
The pertussis vaccine is effective, but protection may decrease over time. Booster doses are recommended to maintain immunity.
Should I seek medical advice for a persistent cough?
If you have a persistent or severe cough, especially if it's accompanied by a 'whooping' sound, seek medical attention promptly.
Are there any alternative remedies for whooping cough?
While antibiotics are the primary treatment, home remedies such as honey and warm beverages may provide some relief, but they do not replace medical care.
Is pertussis the same as a cold or the flu?
No, pertussis is caused by a different type of bacteria and has distinct symptoms, including prolonged and severe coughing fits.
Can pertussis cause long-term health problems?
In some cases, pertussis can lead to prolonged complications, particularly in infants and young children. Seeking prompt treatment is crucial in preventing long-term health issues.
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